Steel has been a widely used material for centuries due to its strength and versatility. Depending on the intended purpose, steel is often alloyed with different metals to achieve desirable qualities for the steel product. We take a look into the different types of steel and their uses, and why Street Scape uses stainless steel for our steel bins.
Steel plays a critical role in our daily lives. From opening the fridge in the morning to grab the milk for your coffee to driving in your car to work, and to entering your office building, steel is present in all these products and structures in a variety of ways. The strength of steel and the affordability of steel production has been a powerful combination to make steel one of the most used materials in the world.
Steel is an alloy that is composed of iron and carbon. Pure iron is a malleable, grey-white metal. Pure iron is rarely found in nature, and thus open-cast mining is used to unearth iron ore, which are rocks or minerals which contain iron.
The iron ore is then placed in a blast furnace which smelts the iron ore to produce crude iron. Crude iron typically has a high carbon content, alongside a few other trace elements. The crude iron is then refined to produce steel, and in this process, other metals can be added to create different types of steel. Steel is alloyed with other metals to achieve desirable properties.
Different Types of Steel:
Depending on your product or project requirements, you may need a steel that is malleable, has high conductivity, great tensile strength, or is corrosion resistant. These, and other qualities, are achieved by alloying specific metals with the steel. We have outlined the properties and uses of the different types of steel.
1) Carbon Steel:
All steel will have a carbon content, but carbon steel has carbon as the prominent alloying additive. Carbon steel is widely used due to these two advantageous properties.
Strength: Carbon steel is extremely hard, which makes it a strong, durable, and shock-resistant steel.
Affordable: Carbon steel is an affordable steel option.
Carbon steel is commonly used in construction, manufacturing, to create steel piping, and to add structural support to roads. The downside to carbon steel is that it is not corrosion-resistant and, depending on the carbon content, can be difficult to work with.
Carbon steel is categorised according to the content of carbon present in the steel. There are three classes of carbon steel: low carbon steel, medium carbon steel, and high carbon steel.
Low Carbon Steel:
Low carbon steel will contain up to 0.29% carbon. Low carbon steel advantages are that it is highly malleable, has a low weight, and is the most affordable carbon steel option. The downside to low carbon steel is that it does not have tensile strength.
Medium Carbon Steel:
Medium carbon steel has a carbon content that ranges from 0.29% to 0.60%. Medium carbon steel is moderately ductile and has an increase in strength and abrasion resistance.
High Carbon Steel:
High carbon steel can have a carbon content that ranges from 0.60% to 2.1%. High carbon steel is extremely strong but is difficult to bend or cut.
2) Alloy Steel:
Alloy steel is steel that is alloyed with other metals or materials to achieve certain desirable properties. Nickel, silicon, vanadium, cobalt, aluminium, molybdenum, tungsten, chromium, manganese, and titanium are a few of the alloys used to create various alloy steels. Alloy steels can have one singular alloy or can be combined to create steels with advantages for various uses.
We take a brief look into five different types of alloy steel.
Nickel Steel: Nickle is one of the most widely used alloys due to its ability to add strength to steel without reducing malleability. Nickel steel is also shock-resistant and is widely used in products that are consistently exposed to heavy loads or impacts.
Tungsten Steel: Tungsten steel has a high resistance to heat. It is most notably used for rocket engine nozzles, as well as other high heat machinery.
Silicon Steel: Silicon steel is a soft magnetic steel that is electrically resistant. It is widely used in the manufacturing of transformers, generators, and motors.
Manganese Steel: This alloyed steel is hard and abrasion-resistant, and is commonly used for railway tracks.
Molybdenum Steel: Molybdenum is a useful steel alloy as it improves the corrosion resistance, strength, and weldability of steel. It is commonly used for structural steel.
3) Tool Steel:
Tool steel is a combination of carbon and a variety of metal alloys, such as cobalt, molybdenum, and vanadium. As the name suggests, tool steel is used specifically to make tools. Tool steel is manufactured under strict conditions to ensure that the steel has specific desirable characteristics, such as abrasion resistance and distinctive strength.
These are the four main types of tool steel.
Shock Resistant Tool Steel:
This tool steel is manufactured to be highly resistant to shocks at different temperature levels. It is typically used to make chisels, screwdrivers, and riveting tools.
Hot-work Tool Steel:
Hot-work tool steel is designed to handle exposure to heat for an extended period and remain resistant to damages. Hot-work tool steel is typically used for tools that are used in casting, extrusion, and punching.
Special Purpose Tool Steel:
Special purpose tool steel is identified by its strength and malleability. This steel is typically used for taps and wrenches.
Water-hardening Tool Steel:
This tool steel is quenched in water to achieve water-hardened tool steel. It is an extremely hard steel and resistant to abrasion, and is therefore commonly used for hammers, blades, and cutters.
4) Stainless Steel:
Stainless steel is steel that is alloyed with chromium and can contain other trace elements such as nickel or molybdenum. The chromium content in stainless steel needs to be a minimum of eleven percent. Chromium is a blue-white metallic element and is essential to creating the desirable properties of stainless steel.
Stainless steel has numerous advantageous properties.
Corrosion Resistance: Stainless steel is resistant to acid, base, and organic material corrosion. It is also moisture, carbon dioxide, chloride, and salt resistant.
Tarnish Resistant: Stainless steel, which was previously known as “rustless steel”, is resistant against rusting, scratching, or other surface tarnishes.
Durable: Stainless steel is a strong, durable steel that ensures that it will be able to withstand consistent use.
Workability: Stainless steel has excellent workability which makes it easy to use this steel to create a variety of products with different shapes and designs.
Aesthetically Pleasing: Stainless steel has a high lustre, which makes it highly aesthetically appealing.
Easy to Clean: Stainless steel is easy to clean as it is returned to its shining glory with a quick wipe with a cloth.
Stainless steel is categorised into five main categories depending on the mechanical properties and crystalline structures. These categories all have slightly different levels of the advantageous properties of stainless steel.
- Austenitic Stainless Steel.
- Martensitic Stainless Steel.
- Duplex Stainless Steel.
- Ferritic Stainless Steel.
- Precipitation Hardening Stainless Steel.
The high corrosion resistance quality of stainless steel initially made it a highly expensive steel option. The increase in demand for stainless steel means that there has been an increase in production. This has drastically decreased the costs of stainless steel, making it an affordable steel choice for most products.
Stainless steel is used by a diverse range of industries, such as architecture and construction, medical equipment manufacturing, automotive manufacturing, and pharmaceuticals. You will find stainless steel in numerous products, such as wristwatches, household appliances, and Street Scape steel bins.
Street Scape Steel Bins:
The Street Scape steel bin is made from stainless steel. We have selected to use stainless steel due to the many advantages it offers our steel bin.
The Street Scape steel bin is tarnish-resistant and corrosion-resistant due to the use of stainless steel. This ensures that you can use a Street Scape steel bin in any outdoor setting, business, or home without worrying about rust or deterioration. This ensures that a Street Scape steel bin is an investment rather than an item you will need to continuously replace.
The workability of stainless steel allows for the manufacturing of the various Street Scape steel bin designs. It is easy to find a suitable design style for your business, shopping centre, school, or public park with the variety of Street Scape steel bin styles.
- Perforated Pedestal Steel Bin.
- Perforated Swing Steel Bin.
- Perforated Wall Mounted Steel Bin.
- Square Timber Slatted Steel Bin.
- Round Timber Slatted Steel Bin.
- Baltimore with Canopy Steel Bin.
Street Scape steel bins combine different materials, such as the Square Timber Slatted Steel Bin, to create interest and blend into the aesthetic of outdoor areas. The Street Scape steel bins are also able to have a variety of finishes, such as matte, high shine, and colour. No matter your aesthetic needs, Street Scape steel bins have you covered.
The easy-to-clean quality of stainless steel is pertinent for a steel bin. When you are emptying the dirty contents of a bin, you need to be able to quickly return it to its original clean quality. Street Scape steel bins can be easily wiped or sprayed with water to ensure that they are always clean.
The increasing affordability of stainless steel allows us to make our steel bins accessible for a wide range of budgets. This is especially beneficial if you require numerous steel bins for a large public space. Street Scape is your first choice for high-quality stainless steel bins at a great value.
If you are looking for a steel bin for your home, business, or public space, choose a Street Scape steel bin and enjoy all the benefits of a stainless steel bin.
About Street Scape:
Street Scape is an urban landscaping element manufacturer. We create bespoke landscaping elements that add function and aesthetic value to any urban or residential space. At Street Scape you will find a range of unique, affordable, and perfectly designed landscaping elements suitable for your landscaping project.
Alongside our steel bins, we also manufacture a range of products, such as kerbs, planters, and bollards. We strive to meet all your urban landscaping needs so that you only have one place to stop when looking to purchase a landscaping element.
If you require assistance with selecting any one of our manufactured landscaping elements for your requirements, you are encouraged to get in contact with our friendly Street Scape team. We will offer you personalised advice to ensure you walk away with the exact landscaping element you need.
When it comes to a steel bin, a Street Scape stainless steel bin is the way to go.